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excel中根据A列汉字自动在B列生成拼音字母的方法

时间:2017-05-09 09:50来源:Office教程学习网 www.office68.com编辑:麦田守望者

下图所示的excel表格,A列是姓名列,根据A列的汉字姓名,自动在B列和C列分别自动生成姓名列的拼音字母。

  下面是小编整理出来的详细的操作步骤,分享给有需要的朋友。
  第一步,由于Excel中没有现成的函数套用可以解决此问题,首先自定义一个函数。方法如下:
  1. 运行“工具→宏→Visual Basic编辑器”命令(或者直接按“Alt+F11”组合键),进入Visual Basic编辑状态。
  2. 运行“插入→模块”命令,插入一个新模块。再双击插入的模块,进入模块代码编辑状态。
  3. 将以下的代码输入其中,保存,关闭Visual Basic编辑窗口,返回Excel编辑状态。

  1. Function PinYin(Hz As String)  
  2. Dim PinMa As String  
  3. Dim MyPinMa As Variant  
  4. Dim Temp As Integer, i As Integer, j As Integer  
  5. PinMa = "a,20319,ai,20317,an,20304,ang,20295,ao,20292," 
  6. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "ba,20283,bai,20265,ban,20257,bang,20242,bao,20230,bei,20051,ben,20036,beng,20032,bi,20026,bian,20002,biao,19990,bie,19986,bin,19982,bing,19976,bo,19805,bu,19784,"  
  7. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "ca,19775,cai,19774,can,19763,cang,19756,cao,19751,ce,19746,ceng,19741,cha,19739,chai,19728,chan,19725,chang,19715,chao,19540,che,19531,chen,19525,cheng,19515,chi,19500,chong,19484,chou,19479,chu,19467,chuai,19289,chuan,19288,chuang,19281,chui,19275,chun,19270,chuo,19263,ci,19261,cong,19249,cou,19243,cu,19242,cuan,19238,cui,19235,cun,19227,cuo,19224,"  
  8. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "da,19218,dai,19212,dan,19038,dang,19023,dao,19018,de,19006,deng,19003,di,18996,dian,18977,diao,18961,die,18952,ding,18783,diu,18774,dong,18773,dou,18763,du,18756,duan,18741,dui,18735,dun,18731,duo,18722,"  
  9. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "e,18710,en,18697,er,18696,"  
  10. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "fa,18526,fan,18518,fang,18501,fei,18490,fen,18478,feng,18463,fo,18448,fou,18447,fu,18446,"  
  11. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "ga,18239,gai,18237,gan,18231,gang,18220,gao,18211,ge,18201,gei,18184,gen,18183,geng,18181,gong,18012,gou,17997,gu,17988,gua,17970,guai,17964,guan,17961,guang,17950,gui,17947,gun,17931,guo,17928,"  
  12. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "ha,17922,hai,17759,han,17752,hang,17733,hao,17730,he,17721,hei,17703,hen,17701,heng,17697,hong,17692,hou,17683,hu,17676,hua,17496,huai,17487,huan,17482,huang,17468,hui,17454,hun,17433,huo,17427,"  
  13. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "ji,17417,jia,17202,jian,17185,jiang,16983,jiao,16970,jie,16942,jin,16915,jing,16733,jiong,16708,jiu,16706,ju,16689,juan,16664,jue,16657,jun,16647,"  
  14. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "ka,16474,kai,16470,kan,16465,kang,16459,kao,16452,ke,16448,ken,16433,keng,16429,kong,16427,kou,16423,ku,16419,kua,16412,kuai,16407,kuan,16403,kuang,16401,kui,16393,kun,16220,kuo,16216,"  
  15. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "la,16212,lai,16205,lan,16202,lang,16187,lao,16180,le,16171,lei,16169,leng,16158,li,16155,lia,15959,lian,15958,liang,15944,liao,15933,lie,15920,lin,15915,ling,15903,liu,15889,long,15878,lou,15707,lu,15701,lv,15681,luan,15667,lue,15661,lun,15659,luo,15652,"  
  16. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "ma,15640,mai,15631,man,15625,mang,15454,mao,15448,me,15436,mei,15435,men,15419,meng,15416,mi,15408,mian,15394,miao,15385,mie,15377,min,15375,ming,15369,miu,15363,mo,15362,mou,15183,mu,15180,"  
  17. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "na,15165,nai,15158,nan,15153,nang,15150,nao,15149,ne,15144,nei,15143,nen,15141,neng,15140,ni,15139,nian,15128,niang,15121,niao,15119,nie,15117,nin,15110,ning,15109,niu,14941,nong,14937,nu,14933,nv,14930,nuan,14929,nue,14928,nuo,14926,"  
  18. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "o,14922,ou,14921,"  
  19. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "pa,14914,pai,14908,pan,14902,pang,14894,pao,14889,pei,14882,pen,14873,peng,14871,pi,14857,pian,14678,piao,14674,pie,14670,pin,14668,ping,14663,po,14654,pu,14645,"  
  20. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "qi,14630,qia,14594,qian,14429,qiang,14407,qiao,14399,qie,14384,qin,14379,qing,14368,qiong,14355,qiu,14353,qu,14345,quan,14170,que,14159,qun,14151,"  
  21. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "ran,14149,rang,14145,rao,14140,re,14137,ren,14135,reng,14125,ri,14123,rong,14122,rou,14112,ru,14109,ruan,14099,rui,14097,run,14094,ruo,14092,"  
  22. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "sa,14090,sai,14087,san,14083,sang,13917,sao,13914,se,13910,sen,13907,seng,13906,sha,13905,shai,13896,shan,13894,shang,13878,shao,13870,she,13859,shen,13847,sheng,13831,shi,13658,shou,13611,shu,13601,shua,13406,shuai,13404,shuan,13400,shuang,13398,shui,13395,shun,13391,shuo,13387,si,13383,song,13367,sou,13359,su,13356,suan,13343,sui,13340,sun,13329,suo,13326,"  
  23. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "ta,13318,tai,13147,tan,13138,tang,13120,tao,13107,te,13096,teng,13095,ti,13091,tian,13076,tiao,13068,tie,13063,ting,13060,tong,12888,tou,12875,tu,12871,tuan,12860,tui,12858,tun,12852,tuo,12849,"  
  24. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "wa,12838,wai,12831,wan,12829,wang,12812,wei,12802,wen,12607,weng,12597,wo,12594,wu,12585,"  
  25. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "xi,12556,xia,12359,xian,12346,xiang,12320,xiao,12300,xie,12120,xin,12099,xing,12089,xiong,12074,xiu,12067,xu,12058,xuan,12039,xue,11867,xun,11861,"  
  26. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "ya,11847,yan,11831,yang,11798,yao,11781,ye,11604,yi,11589,yin,11536,ying,11358,yo,11340,yong,11339,you,11324,yu,11303,yuan,11097,yue,11077,yun,11067,"  
  27. PinMaPinMa = PinMa & "za,11055,zai,11052,zan,11045,zang,11041,zao,11038,ze,11024,zei,11020,zen,11019,zeng,11018,zha,11014,zhai,10838,zhan,10832,zhang,10815,zhao,10800,zhe,10790,zhen,10780,zheng,10764,zhi,10587,zhong,10544,zhou,10533,zhu,10519,zhua,10331,zhuai,10329,zhuan,10328,zhuang,10322,zhui,10315,zhun,10309,zhuo,10307,zi,10296,zong,10281,zou,10274,zu,10270,zuan,10262,zui,10260,zun,10256,zuo,10254"  
  28. MyPinMa = Split(PinMa, ",")  
  29.    
  30. For i = 1 To Len(Hz)  
  31. Temp = Asc(Mid(Hz, i, 1))  
  32.     If Temp < 0 Then  
  33.       Temp = Abs(Temp)  
  34.       For j = 791 To 1 Step -2  
  35.           If Temp <= Val(MyPinMa(j)) Then  
  36.               PinYinPinYin = PinYin & MyPinMa(j - 1) & " "  
  37.               Exit For  
  38.           End If  
  39.       Next  
  40.     End If  
  41. Next  
  42. PinYin = Trim(PinYin)  
  43. End Function  


  第二步,在空白列,比如F2单元格,输入公式:=PinYin(A2),就可以在F2单元格得到A2单元格汉字的拼音。然后下拉复制完成A列所有的汉字转拼音。
  提示:公式中的“PinYin”就是第一步自定义函数的名称。
  第三步,在B2单元格输入公式:=LEFT(F2,FIND(" ",F2)-1),就可以提取出F2单元格中的第一个汉字的拼音。然后下拉复制完成A列中汉字“姓”的拼音提取。
  第四步,在C2单元格输入公式:=TRIM(SUBSTITUTE(F2,B2,"")),即可得到剩余的“名”字部分的汉字的拼音。下拉复制公式。
  第五步,如果需要拼音的首字母大写,可以再用PROPER函数来转换一下。最终完成的效果如下图所示。

 
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标签(Tag):excel excel2003
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